International Procedures

International Procedures

We will build a unique and customized training program for International Procedures for your flight department. Advanced Aircrew Academy will ask to review your international procedures manual, training manual, and/or operations manual to ensure we deliver training that meets your operator-specific training program.

Our most popular curriculums for International Procedures are:

The training requirement for International Procedures comes from your Ops Specs or Letters of Authorizations (LOAs). The Ops Specs / LOAs is the authorization to conduct the type of operation. You may have some or all of the following Ops Specs / LOAs for International Procedures:

  • A056 Data Link Communications (CPDLC/PBCS)
  • B034 IFR Class I En Route Navigation Using Area Navigation Systems (B-RNAV / P-RNAV)
  • B036 Oceanic and Remote Continental Navigation Using Multiple Long-Range Navigation Systems (M-LRNS) (RNP Oceanic Navigation Standards)
  • B037 Operations in Central East Pacific (CEP) Airspace
  • B038 Operations in North Pacific (NOPAC) Airspace
  • B039 Operations in North Atlantic High-Level Airspace (NAT HLA)
  • B046 Operations in Reduced Vertical Separation Minimum (RVSM) Airspace
  • B050 Authorized Areas of En Route Operations, Limitations, and Provisions
  • C063 Area Navigation (RNAV) and Required Navigation Performance (RNP) Terminal Operations

The Ops Spec / LOAs include statements such as "The flightcrew must be qualified in accordance with the certificate holder's [operators] approved training program." When you were issued the Ops Spec / LOA, the regulator approved your training program where more details (method of training, course outline or syllabus, and frequency of training) are documented. The training program may have been detailed in your international procedures manual, training manual, or operations manual. Your documented and approved training program essentially is the regulation on how you must train.

The following table shows our typical curriculums, which can be adjusted to meet your specific needs.

Module North America Initial North America Recurrent Worldwide Initial Worldwide Recurrent
ADS-B     x  
CPDLC/PBCS     x  
Europe;     x  
ICAO Differences x   x x
ICAO Phraseology x   x  
Latin and South America     x  
North America / New York Oceanic West x x x x
North Atlantic / P-RNAV     x x
Pacific Ocean     x  
Performance Based Navigation x   x x
Polar Routes     x  
RVSM x   x x


 

ADS-B

Automatic Dependent Surveillance–Broadcast (ADS-B) is in use to enhance or extend the surveillance capability of their air traffic control (ATC) systems. The ADS-B module is operationally-oriented and covers operating procedures, flight planning, MEL procedures, human factors considerations, ADS-B phraseology, normal and abnormal system operation, aircraft IDs, data source errors, and incident reporting.

CPDLC / PBCS

FAA AC 120-70C states operators that choose to use a data link system must obtain FAA design approval and Ops Spec or LOA authorization. This module can be used to demonstrate compliance with the training requirement of the Ops Spec or LOA. The module includes the human factors associated with data link communications and Aviation Safety Reporting System (ASRS) reports by pilots with lessons learned on how to prevent errors. It also includes training on CPDLC Departure Clearance (DCL) and Performance Based Communication and Surveillance (PBCS).

Europe

The Europe module includes information about operating within Europe, including safety/risk assessment, requirements, ICAO flight plans, slots, terminal/approach operations, enroute, ramp inspections, contingencies, and emergency training.

ICAO Differences

The ICAO Differences module highlights differences between operating domestically within the United States and the nuances of unique airspace and the rules of operating internationally. The module highlights ICAO Annexes, key differences between TERPS and PANS-OPS in the design of instrument procedures, and unique State procedures defined in the Aeronautical Information Publication. The training also includes ICAO Altimetry procedures for QNH, QNE, and QFE.

ICAO Phraseology

The ICAO Phraseology module reviews an International Air Transport Association (IATA) study on communication issues. ICAO phraseology standards and common errors are reviewed along with contributory factors in communication errors related to ambiguous or confusing ATC phraseology.

Latin and South America

The largest hazards when operating in Latin and South America are lack of situational awareness, inadequate facilities / equipment, unusual weather, and active volcanoes. The Latin and South America module also focuses on communications, FIR crossings, permits, and terrain avoidance.

North America / New York Oceanic West

The North America / New York Oceanic West module covers the intricacies of flying all over the North American continent, including information sources, customs, and specific procedures for Canada, Mexico, and the Caribbean. A review of anti-corruption laws and bribery is also included. The New York Oceanic West portion provides information on extended overwater operations, RNP standards, and contingency procedures. We have a version of this module without the New York Oceanic West (formerly WATRS+) portion if you don’t fly through this airspace.

North Atlantic / Europe P-RNAV

The North Atlantic / Europe P-RNAV module follows a trip from KTEB to EKCH (Copenhagen). It includes all of the oceanic and contingency procedure information. NAT Doc 007, NAT Ops Bulletins, FAA Advisory Circulars, and FAA InFO and SAFOs are all reviewed in the context of flight planning and following the trip.

Pacific Ocean

The Pacific Ocean Region is an overview of oceanic and remote operations (RVSM, RNP-10), procedures, and contingencies. It is designed to be paired with our North Atlantic / Europe P-RNAV module and covers differences in oceanic procedures specific to the Pacific.

We have an expanded version of the module for operators that only operate oceanic flights between the west coast of the U.S. to Hawaii. Instead of just including Pacific oceanic differences, it includes all oceanic procedures and contingencies. It shows you actual flight planning and execution of a flight from KVNY to PHOG.

Performance Based Navigation

The module meets the FAA RNAV pilot training requirements published in Advisory Circular (AC) 90?100A, U.S. Terminal and En-Route Area Navigation (RNAV) Operations. Operators use this module to satisfy the training requirement for issuance of Ops Spec / LOA B034, B036, C063, and C073. The module includes training on P-RNAV; B-RNAV; RNAV-1, 2, 5, 10; and RNP-1, 2, 4, 5, 10.

Polar Routes

Polar routes require many additional considerations compared to operations at mid latitudes. You must understand magnetic unreliability, cold fuel issues, polar track structure, and much more. The Polar Routes module also covers the Polar Track System, communications, solar activity, and survival equipment.

RVSM

Operations in RVSM airspace have become a non-event. We regularly climb through FL290 without a thought that we are entering RVSM airspace. Although it has become commonplace, the FAA still mandates training on the subject. The RVSM online module is designed for pilots flying aircraft that have either a LOA, Ops Specs, or Part 91 Appendix G Section 9 authorization to operate in RVSM airspace.

 


Top